9. Principle of
Political Equality (PPE)
The American Declaration of Independence declares :
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created
And women ? Are they ‘created equal’ with men?
Are ANY two creatures created equal?
As no two creatures are ‘created equal’ the declaration contradicts
What ‘equality’ did its authors have in mind ? did they mean
Biologicaly equal? Legaly equal? Economic equality? Political
equality? These are all different matters. It seems they meant
legal equality - namely, that all laws apply equally to all people,
whatever their origin, race, sex, creed, wealth or power, so no one is
above the law. The dismissing of President Nixon in 1974 for his part
in the Watergate scandal demonstrated this equality, it showed that
even a President of the United States is not above the law.
So much for applying the law
equally, but what about equal authroity to make laws?
Are all citizens authorized to propose, debate and vote on every law?
Certainly not! Very few citizens are authorized to vote on laws or
policies. Those who do so are not the legal experts but the
politicians. Applying all laws equally to all citizens is important,
but equal authority to vote on laws is more important. Authority to
vote laws and policies is authority to make the rules which all
citizens must obey.
Every citizen must have the right to decide what laws society should
accept. After all, the purpose of law is to improve the life of all
citizens. Shouldn’t those whose life is to be improved decide
themselves how to do it? Apparently not, as in no society today are all
citizens authorized to propose, debate and vote for the laws and
policies of their society.
The Principle of Political Equality
(PPE) asserts that even though no two citizens are biologically
equal all have equal authority to vote on every law and policy of their
society. Only those who have this equality live by their
own decisions - and are free.
When all citizens have equal authority to make laws, they can legislate
other equalities. They can decide all laws of society, including
PPE must be applied to any group, couple, family, tribe, nation, army,
place of work, school, and to society itself. PPE asserts the
right of every member of a group to propose, debate and vote on every
decision of the group. Some will accept PPE as self-evident. Others
will prefer to die rather than accept it. They will oppose its
application to society - but even more so to family, school, and work.
PPE abolishes power and domination in every domain of society, in
families, schools, places of work, trade unions, and political parties.
It equalizes ‘leaders’ and ‘led’, dominators and dominated. No
political party leader, Right or Left, will accept that all members of
his or her party have equal authority to propose, debate and vote on
every policy of their party.
Many ‘democrats’ denounce PPE for taking Democracy too far, and label
it ‘Populism’. They distort the meaning of original Democracy and write
it off as ‘dated’ or ‘unrealistic’. It is a safe bet that hysterical
campaigns against PPE will erupt whenever demands for PPE will appear.
The scope and intensity of hostility to PPE will exceed the hostility
to Socialism, Anarchism or Feminism. Socialists will resist PPE no less
than Capitalists, arguing that what really matters is the Principle of
Economic Equality, not of Political Equality (PPE). Socialists ignore
the fact that in all the states based on economic equality (the USSR
and the former ‘Eastern Bloc’) only a handful of officials decided
everything for everybody, and 99.99% of all citizens had no authority
to decide anything, not even who should decide for them. No wonder such
systems collapsed without bloodshed. Very few of their citizens
supported them. Such systems were supposed to overcome oppression and
exploitation caused by economic inequality but being based on political
inequality they produced greater oppression and exploitation by denying
their citizens political freedom. Most people who grew up in former
socialist states prefer economic inequality of capitalism to political
inequality of socialism. No wonder.
The collapse of the USSR was the historical proof that economic
equality is inferior to political equality - and cannot create
it. Only political equality can create any other equality and is
therefore far more important than any other equality.
Opponents of political equality argue that most citizens lack the
knowledge to understand the laws they vote for, either their benefits
or their drawbacks. But this applies to most politicians who vote on
laws nowadays. Most of them are not legal experts, yet they debate and
vote on new laws and policies. They listen to experts who explain the
consequences of proposed policies, then they do what every juror does
in court by choosing the option that suits their own priorities. Every
citizen can do the same. Citizens can listen on radio or TV to panels
of experts explaining a new law or policy, and then vote on it. If a
law or policy has unforeseen negative results, the citizens can always
repeal them. Members of all panels must be drawn by lottery and changed regularly.